October

 Trees: 
Planting: Fall tree planting begins this month. 

Transplanting: This month may still be too early to transplant trees. You can ready trees for transplanting next month by performing root pruning on them now. By cutting some of the long roots this month, new ones are formed closer to the trunk within the area of the soil that will be moved with the plant.

Push a sharp-shooter shovel straight down, then pull straight out. Form a circle of connected cuts around the tree, make the circle the size of the root ball you are going to dig.

Fertilizing: Do not fertilize with any quick release nitrogen fertilizers this month.

Pest Control: Scale infestations can be sprayed with a lightweight horticultural oil. Spray several times about 10 days apart.

Pruning: Remember that spring flowering trees have already set their flowerbuds so don't prune them now. 

Roses:
Planting: Container grown roses can be planted this month. 

Transplanting: Wait until the weather is cooler to transplant roses. 

Fertilizing: No fertilizer is needed for the rest of the growing season.

Pest Control: Cooler, dryer weather will reduce blackspot.

Pruning: Only deadheading and pruning out diseased or dead growth, no pruning is required this month.

Watering: October can be one of our driest months. Water roses deeply as needed

Lawn
Planting: Plant ryegrass seed this month. 

Fertilizing: Winterize your lawn at the end of this month. This helps the grass not only make it through winter, but gives it an boost in spring!

Pest Control: Brown patch may appear if the weather is unusually wet. Apply weed prevention aids to the lawn to control cool-season annual weeds 

Mowing: Do not mow an overseeded lawn the first time until the new grass is 1 – 2 inches high.

Watering: Do not allow turfgrass to go into dormancy without receiving adequate water. Water deeply and thoroughly if a good rain does not occur for 0 to 14 days during this time of year.

Shrubs:
Planting: As the weather cools container grown plants can be planted without the fear of stress due to high temperatures of the last few months.

Transplanting: It is still too early to transplant unless the weather has been unusually cool.

Fertilizing: No fertilizer is necessary this time of year for established shrubs.

Pest Control: Azalea lacebugs will be active through November. 

Pruning: This is normally not a good time of year to prune shrubs.

Watering: October can be one of our driest months. Although the temperature is cooler your shrubs still need at least ½ to 1 inch of water every 5 to 7 days. If the rain doesn't fall then supplemental watering is necessary.

Perennials:
Planting: October is a great month to plant container grown perennials.

Transplanting: Many perennials can be dug and transplanted over the next couple of months.

Fertilizing: Water in newly planted perennials with a water soluble fertilizer mixed half strength.

Pest Control: As the weather cools off diseases should diminish. Watch for armyworms – large, dark caterpillars that can chew up a perennial plant in no time. 

Pruning: Continue to deadhead and cut back spent growth 

Watering: Cooler weather doesn't always mean more rain. Watering is still needed if it does not rain regularly.

Bulbs:
Planting: All bulbs except tulips and hyacinths may be planted into the garden this month.

Care: Caladiums may be dug up in early to mid-October

Watering: Water as needed, deeply and thoroughly.

Fertilizing: Add some fertilizer when planting new bulbs

Pest Control: Less stressful weather conditions results in a reduction in pest problems.

Annuals:
Planting: If the weather has cooled off enough you can begin to plant cool season annuals in your beds. 

Fertilizing: Fertilize annuals when you plant them

Pest Control: Moths and Caterpillars can be a major problem.

Watering: Water plantings as needed.