June

 TREES: 
Planting: All types of shade trees can be successfully planted during June.

Transplanting: Is best done during the fall and winter months.

Fertilizing: Trees often send out a second flush of growth in mid to late summer. Young trees, trees in stress or low vigor can benefit from additional fertilizer. Use half the rate that was applied in January or February.

Pest Control: Watch for signs of pest problems. If you need help with identification of the problem contact our nursery.

Pruning: Prune as necessary.

Watering: If it has not rained for several weeks, us lawn sprinklers to apply 1 inch of water to your established trees. The root system of these trees extends out well beyond the reach of the branches. Recently planted trees require watering anytime rain does not occur for 5 to 7 days.


ROSES:
Planting: Container roses can still be planted but require deep watering whenever we go 5 – 7 days without a good rain of 1 to 1 ½ inches. 

Transplanting: It is too warm to transplant roses successfully.

Fertilizing: If you did not fertilzie last month, you may this month.

Pest Control: Blackspot, mites are still problems this month.

Pruning: This is a good month to prune roses that are not repeat-blooming types.

Watering: New plants require 1 to 1 ½ inches per week, established roses need this amount each 7 – 10 days.
​then you have spider mites.

Pruning: Other than deadheading and pruning off sucker from below the graft union, no pruning is required this month.

Watering: More water is needed as the weather heats up. Water thoroughly once or twice a week. Avoid wetting the foliage to help prevent disease.


LAWN: 
Planting: Continue to plant warm-season grasses throughout the summer.

Fertilizing: Lawns (other than centipede) that were fertilized in Aprilmay be fertilized again this month. Also fertilize lawns sodded in April or early May. 

Pest Control: Watch for chinch bugs – look for areas of dead, straw-like grass starting in sunny, hot areas of the lawn. Treat with insect-control aids.

Mowing: Recommended mower heights:
Common Bermuda: 1 to 1 ½ inches
Hybrid Bermuda: ½ to 1 inch
Centipede: 1 to 2 inches
St Augustine: 2 – 3 inches
Zoysia: ½ to 1 ½ inches

Watering: Continue to apply /2 inch of water to the lawn twice a week if the weather is dry.


SHRUBS:
Planting: Although the temperature continues to rise, container grown plants can still be planted successfully. More care and watering is needed to ensure the plant will grow during this time of the year. 

Transplanting: It should not be attempted during this time.

Fertilizing: Established plants should have been fertilized in March or April. Young shrubs may be fertilized in June or July to encourage additional growth.

Pest Control: Several products are available to control powdery mildew and whiteflies that are prevalent this time of year.
Pruning: You should finish any extensive pruning on spring-flowering shrubs this month.
Watering: Watch for drought stress on shrubs planted with the last six months if adequate rainfall has not occurred ( ½ to 1 inch per week). Symptoms to look for include wilting, scorched leaf edges, dull, brown or dropping leaves.


PERENNIALS:
Planting: Perennials growing in containers can be planted now.
Transplanting: It is too hot to dig, divide and transplant perennials now.
Fertilizing: Another application of fertilizer may be made to beds that were last fertilized in March or April. 
Pest Control: Watch for caterpillars chewing holes in leaves. The whitefly can be difficult to control if populations get out of hand. The adults are small, snow whiteflies; the larvae appear as small disks under the leaves. Aphids cluster on new growth and flower buds sucking the sap from the plant. Spider mites can be devastating during hot dry weather and snails and slugs love plants that have succulent leaves that grow in the shade. 
Pruning: Continue to dead head spent flowers.
Watering: Water deeply and thoroughly as needed when rain has not occurred.


BULBS:
Planting: This is the last month to plant most un-sprouted summer blooming bulbs. 
Care: Remove spent flower spikes or developing seed pods.
Watering: Water thoroughly when you irrigate your bulbs.
Fertilizing: Continue to apply soluble fertilizers regularly to container plantings. Use long-lasing slow-release granular fertilizer in bulbs growing in the garden beds.
Pest Control: Thrips may be a problem on gladiolus – apply pest-control aids as needed.


ANNUALS:
Planting: You can continue to plant warm-season annuals. 
Fertilizing: If plants are pale and low in vigor, try an application of soluble fertilizer.
Pest Control: Watch for spider mites. 
Watering: Keep in mind that light, frequent irrigation promotes a shallow root system. Always water deeply and thoroughly when irrigating.